Presentation on the Amplification of Disinformation in the Age of Digital Media

Hello everyone,

Alternative Link

Above you will find my presentation. My apologies for the delay in posting my presentation. I had intended to post this earlier but came across technical difficulties in the recording process. I had to record my presentation without pause, so you may hear me clear my throat a few times.

I did review my presentation, in an effort to fact check myself and did find a few errors I would like to correct. Around the 1 minute, 28-second mark, I misspoke on the percentage. I said 12% but meant 25% instead. Another correction occurs on the 10 minute, 44-second mark where I stated the caricature used was made by Mark Poster. The caricature was actually made by Ben Garson; Mark Poster was the author of the article that reported the use of the caricature during a protest in Edmonton.

I also realized that my presentation does not include a bibliography and while I did cite some sources I used, in an effort to avoid plagiarism, enclosed are the sources I used for this presentation.

Thank you for your patience and I hope you enjoy the presentation!

Christine I.


Ben Epstein, “Why is it So Difficult to Regulate Disinformation Online,” Cambridge University Press, October 2020, [] Accessed February 2021

Canadian Security Intelligence Service, “Who Said What: The Security Challenges of Modern Disinformation,” February 2018

Chris Tenove, “Protecting Democracy from Disinformation: Normative Threats and Policy Responses,” Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission, June 2019

Claire Wardle & Hossein Derakhshan, “Information Disorder: Toward an interdisciplinary framework for research and policymaking,” Council of Europe Report, September 2017
Daniel Van Boom & Queenie Wong, “Australia passes new law forcing Google and Facebook to pay news publications,” CNET, February 24, 2021

Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences, “Canadian researchers analyse the spread of Covid-19 misinformation online,” December 16, 2020, [] Accessed February 20, 2021

House of Commons, “Democracy under Threat: Risks and Solutions in the Era of Disinformation and Data Monopoly: Report of the Standing Committee on Access to Information, Privacy and Ethics,” December 2018

Library of Congress, “Initiatives to counter fake news” [] Accessed February 20, 2021

Nanos Research “A strong majority of Canadians say that search engines should be forced to remove search results when they are inaccurate and that fake news is making it more difficult to find accurate sources of information,” Canadian Journalists for Free Expression May 2018

Shira Ovide, “The Internet is Splintering,” The New York Times, February 17, 2021

Tomoko Nagasako, “Global Disinformation campaigns and legal challenges,” International Cybersecurity Law Review, October 2020, 125-136

Yale Law School & Floyd Abrams Institute for Freedom of Expression, “Fighting Fake News,” March 7, 2017

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